Acetic Acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colorless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2). When undiluted, it is sometimes called glacial acetic acid. Vinegar is no less than 4% acetic acid by volume, making acetic acid the main component of vinegar apart from water. Acetic acid has a distinctive sour taste and pungent smell.
In addition to household vinegar, it is mainly produced as a precursor to polyvinyl acetate and cellulose acetate. It is classified as a weak acid since it only partially dissociates in solution, but concentrated acetic acid is corrosive and can attack the skin.
Common Uses For Acetic Acid:
- Make other chemicals
- Etching metals
- Solvent and in chemical laboratory analysis
- Fabric dyeing
- Producing nylon
- Leather tanning
- Food canning as an additive or flavoring
- In medicines
- As a herbicide for broadleaf weeds and weed grasses
Common Industries That Use Acetic Acid:
- Food and Beverage
- Specialty Industries