Acetic Acid

Description

Acetic Acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colorless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2). When undiluted, it is sometimes called glacial acetic acid. Vinegar is no less than 4% acetic acid by volume, making acetic acid the main component of vinegar apart from water. Acetic acid has a distinctive sour taste and pungent smell.

In addition to household vinegar, it is mainly produced as a precursor to polyvinyl acetate and cellulose acetate. It is classified as a weak acid since it only partially dissociates in solution, but concentrated acetic acid is corrosive and can attack the skin.

 

Common Uses For Acetic Acid:

  • Make other chemicals
  • Etching metals
  • Solvent and in chemical laboratory analysis
  • Fabric dyeing
  • Producing nylon
  • Leather tanning
  • Food canning as an additive or flavoring
  • In medicines
  • As a herbicide for broadleaf weeds and weed grasses

 

 

Common Industries That Use Acetic Acid:

 

 

 

Technical information

CAS#

64-19-7

Formula

CH₃COOH